Discussion, summary, findings and recommendations in Education

Discussion, summary, findings and recommendations

        FINDINGS AND RESULTS:

The results got from the critical analysis of the aspects presented in the form of  questions  which  were  put  in  the  questionnaire  were  evident  that  corporeal-punishment is a discouraging force either in any form at Secondary-School-Level. Moreover, the study is an obvious  reflection of  the negative impacts of physical-punishments. Its  major concerns  are as  the inclusion  of the  dropout ratio  of the

students as well as the tensed-relationship between the teachers and the students. The explorations are also an evident of the damaged learning atmosphere because of the usage of  the corporeal-punishment and  the reactions of  the students into  violent behaviours  patterns.  In  the  reaction  of  corporeal-punishments  students  indulge themselves into some immoral activities and the ratio of absenteeism also enhances due the application of physical-punishments. In addition, corporeal-punishments also cause the worries of losing self-confidence as well as the psychological tensions and crippling the capabilities of competences.

Within a few words it can be said that corporeal-punishment may affect badly on the excellences of academic career. It also put negative impacts on the physical and the mental development of the students. So it is the crucial need of the time that the  government  must  design  such  rules  and  regulations  concerning  the implementation of the rules against the physical-punishments.

CONCLUSION:

Corporal punishment; being a matter of concern has multidimensional and obnoxious impacts over the academic performance/career and socio-psychological well-being of the students. This research study explicitly concludes that corporal punishment encompasses numerous impacts that are worth-mention and worth-analyze, prominently include distortion of academic performanc/career; brings havoc to psychology of the students and almost devastates the process of personality development. In addition, the whole research activity elucidates that the prevalence of corporal punishment is extremly high in schools of the target area, which are drawing the shadows of adversity in shape of high drop-out in schools. Furthermore, evidences have been found through research that corporal punishment plays a significant role to hinder the learning capacity of students and impede the zeal of creativity. The research has palpable results in the course of impacts, brought over the subject students, where at a stage it was justified for being a lucrative act in order to reconstruct the behavior and personality of the students. On the contrary, instead of rehabilitation, this study also concludes that it has obnoxious and long term effects on psychological well being of the students. Students are harrassed and severely beaten to that extent where their behavior is molded towards aggression and wrath. Such an aggressive approach from teachers and re-aggresion from students causes apprehension and hooligianism rather than to correct their behavior and conduct in classes.

The results of the conducted research represent factual information that corporal punishment may be regarded as a blizzard in the course of mental alienation and a lethal for pro-active thought process. Additionally, the conducted research study further concludes in a diverse manner that corporal punishment suppresses the inner potentials of the students. It was highlighted that the trend of punishment tends to create abhorrence and the sense of hatred among the students. Furhter, those who are frequently subject to corporal punishment engraves an anti-social personality having rivalry thoughts towards society. Contiuing with the anti-social attitude, it hampers the adjustment of students in society where they imitate the passive methods for self satisfaction and prevails long term adverse impacts on personality of the individual.

In-short, the overall research findings come to a unanimous conclusion that corporal punishment is a monster, which is hindering the overall smooth functioning of the subject person as well as the society with adverse effects on future of the nation.

RECOMMENDATIONS:

 This study extends and suggests that the teachers shall be encouraged to avoid corporal punishment as well as psychologically aggressive disciplinary methods and must use alternative forms of correction of students‟ misbehavior. In regard to attain such purpose, teachers training and education programs that emphasize alternative disciplinary tactics to corporal punishment and psychological aggression may make an important contribution to reconciliation of both students and teachers.

 In addition, awareness must be brought among teachers pertaining to the adverse impacts of corporal punishment on students‟ academics, psyche and personality development.

 Students shall be counseled through awareness programs for being polite and respectful to their teachers. They shall be intimated regarding the usefullness of punctuality, conduction of homework, eschew of making noise in class, confirm health and hygiene, and shall not quarrel with their school fellows. Moreover, parents‟ role is inevitably significant in order to consult the teachers, ask for the students output and progress and performance in curricual and co-curricular school affairs.

 Abolishing corporal punishment in schools by government is not inadequate, as it is not only harmful to students but also violates children’s rights. There is need for legislation to be implemented so as to protect children from violence, to promote and ensure human rights.

 Keeping in consideration the socio-cultural and religious values of the area; the role of Non Governmental Organizations is highly significant, which can bring general mass awarness about the impacts of corporal punishment through arrangement of seminars, campaigns, workshops.

 Mass media is one of the most effective source to highlight the issues of major concern, formation and changing human behaviors and attitudes. In this context, media should be involved zealously to strive for elimination of such a menace in shape of telecasting different programs, talk shows, documentaries, articles in newspapers and magazines etc.  There  must  be conducted some  seminars and  the workshops  in order  to

acknowledge the teachers from primary to secondary all concerning levels about the banishment of the corporeal-punishments. It must be the obligation of the Parent-Teacher-Councils to perform the duty as a working relationship between the teachers and the students. There must be some attractive activities including the curricular and extra-curricular activities like sports and games which fit a man. In the last but not the least that there must be conducted a research in order to establish some modes for the corrective purposes at secondary-schools level. Further, a research needs to be carried out in order to find out the frequencies about the usages of the corporeal-punishment between the male & female as gender based in government schools.

REFERENCES:

Baer, D. J., & Corrado, J. J. (1974). Heroin addict relationships with parents during childhood and early adolescent years. Journal of Genetic Psychology, 124, 99-103. Bauman, L.J., Friedman, B. (1998).

Corporal Punishment: Pediatric Clin NoAm. Baumrind, D., & Black, A.E. (1967). Socialization practices associated with dimensions of competence in preschool boys and girls. Child Development, 38, 291-327. BBC News. (00:22 GMT, April 17, 2007).

US University Shooting Kills 33: Becker, W.C., & Krug, R.S. (1964). A circumplex model for social behavior in children. Child Development, 35, 371-396. Burt, C. (1925).

The young delinquent. New York: Appleton. Carroll, J.C. (1977).

The intergenerational transmission of family violence: The long-term effects of aggressive behavior. Aggressive Behavior, 3, 289-299.

Daily Times. (July 4, 2005). Staff Report, Corporal Punishment. DuRant, R.H., Cadenhead, C., Pendergrast, R.A., Slavens, G., & Linder, C.W. (1994)

. Factors associated with the use of violence among urban Black adolescents. American Journal of Public Health, 84, 612-617. Eron, L.D., Huesmann, L.R., & Zelli, A. (1991).

The role of parental variables in the learning of aggression. In D.J. Pepler & K.H. Rubin (Eds.), The development and treatment of childhood aggression (pp. 169-188).

Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum. Gershoff, E. (2002). Corporal punishment by parents and associated child behaviors and experiences: a metaanalytic and theoretical review. Psychological Bulletin, 128, 539-579.

Glueck, S., & Glueck, E. (1964). Ventures in criminology. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

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